How To Sort Biowaste?

From January 1st 2024, all French households will have to have a solution to sort their biodegradable waste. If you are wondering what is the sorting of biowaste at source, follow the guide! We explain you why and how to sort this organic waste.

What is biowaste?

If you've never heard the word, know that bio-waste refers to:

- kitchen and table waste
- leftovers from meals or their preparation
- uneaten expired products
- green waste from park and garden maintenance such as shrub and hedge trimmings, dead leaves or lawn clippings...

All these organic wastes have in common that they are biodegradable, i.e. they can be naturally degraded by living micro-organisms.

Moreover, when we put them in landfills, these wastes ferment and risk emitting methane which is a powerful greenhouse gas.

But they do not only have disadvantages for the environment because they can also be recovered through land application, composting or methanization which allows to produce energy (biogas). This is why it is interesting to separate them from other waste and no longer bury or burn them.

Why sort bio-waste?

Currently, bio-waste is a major problem as it represents up to one third of unsorted waste by households in France.

But this situation will soon change: the law on the fight against waste of February 10, 2020 provides that all individuals will have to have a solution to perform the sorting of biowaste at source from January 1, 2024.

In practice, this means that local authorities will have to offer individuals ways to sort this waste at source. For example, they will have to provide their citizens with collection bins for individual or collective composting (at the level of a building, a street or a neighborhood).

Individuals will thus be able to separate their biodegradable waste from glass, packaging and the rest of the undifferentiated waste.

How to sort bio-waste at the source?

As of January 1, 2024, individuals will therefore be encouraged to sort bio-waste at the source.

You can prepare for this measure to go into effect by getting into the habit of no longer throwing your kitchen waste (such as peelings and eggshells) and meal scraps into the undifferentiated garbage can.

To sort these biodegradable wastes, you can get a home composter to place in your garden or balcony or other containers such as a bokashi kit or a worm composter to install in your kitchen.

Some communities encourage composting by distributing free composters. Ask your local city hall for more information.

To learn more about compostable waste, we invite you to read our articles on the subject opposite. You can also find a more detailed list of biowaste at the site below.

Author: Audrey
Copyright image: PH Archives La Voix
Tags: waste, biowaste, bio-waste, composting, Biodegradable waste, Sorting, Biodegradable, neighborhood, local authorities, LAW, France, glass, packaging, kitchen waste, Scraps, balcony, containers, KIT, worm, composter, City Hall, biogas, energy, French, organic waste, leftovers, expired products, green waste, Shrub, hedge, dead leaves, lawn, organic, micro-organisms, landfills, ferment, methane, greenhouse gas, compostable,
More informations:
In French: Tri des biodéchets : comment faire ?
En español: ¿Cómo clasificar los biorresiduos?
In italiano: Come differenziare i rifiuti organici?
Auf Deutsch: Trennung von Bioabfall: Wie geht das?
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